What tectonic plate boundary is Haiti on?
Haiti lies right on the boundary of the Caribbean and North American plates.
What fault line did the Haiti earthquake occur on?
Enriquillo-Plantain Garden fault system
The southern one is known as the Enriquillo-Plantain Garden fault system. It’s this fault that the U.S. Geological Survey says caused Saturday’s quake and the same one that caused the January 2010 earthquake.
Was the Haiti earthquake convergent?
Altogether, the Haitian earthquake of 2010 was a result due to seismic activity between the convergent plate boundaries that occurred within the EPGFZ.
Does Haiti lie on a fault line?
The Enriquillo–Plantain Garden fault zone (EPGFZ or EPGZ) is a system of active coaxial left lateral-moving strike slip faults which runs along the southern side of the island of Hispaniola, where Haiti and the Dominican Republic are located.
Is the Caribbean plate oceanic or continental?
The Caribbean Plate is a mostly oceanic tectonic plate underlying Central America and the Caribbean Sea off the north coast of South America.
Is Haiti near a tectonic plate?
Political Cartoons. The Earth’s crust is made up of tectonic plates that move. And Haiti sits near the intersection of two of them — the North American plate and the Caribbean plate.
Where is the Caribbean fault line?
The northern boundary with the North American Plate is a transform or strike-slip boundary which runs from the border area of Belize, Guatemala (Motagua Fault), and Honduras in Central America, eastward through the Cayman trough along the Swan Islands Transform Fault before joining the southern boundary of the Gonâve …
How was Haiti formed geologically?
The oldest rocks on the island formed beginning in the early Cretaceous through island arc plutonism. Before the Aptian, the island was uplifted, particularly in the east, likely due to the collision of a volcanic island arc. In total, Hispaniola is formed from 11 distinct small island arcs.
Is Haiti on a plate boundary?
That’s because Haiti sits at the juncture of two tectonic plates: the Caribbean and North American plates.
Is Jamaica on the same fault line as Haiti?
The countries of Jamaica, Haiti, and the Dominican Republic all straddle the Enriquillo–Plantain Garden fault zone ( EPGFZ), a major left-lateral, strike-slip fault system bounding the Caribbean and North American plates.
What type of plate boundary is the North American and Caribbean Plate?
NPS Landscapes Developed at Transform Plate Boundaries In the Caribbean Sea, the U. S. Virgin Islands lie along a transform plate boundary where the small Caribbean Plate moves eastward past the oceanic part of the North American Plate.
What kind of plate boundary is Haiti on?
The Haiti earthquake occurred at a fault that runs right through Haiti and is situated along the boundary between the Caribbean and North American plates, which are rocky slabs that cover the planet and fit together like a giant jigsaw puzzle. Also Know, which type of plate boundary is the San Andreas Fault? transform
What are the boundaries of the Caribbean Plate?
The Caribbean Plate. Presently, there are strike-slip faults along the North and Southeast boundaries of the Caribbean Plate, allowing eastward movement relative to the North and South American Plates. In particular, the Northern boundary is left-lateral, while the Southern boundary is right-lateral (Mann, 1999).
Which is the northern subduction system of the Caribbean Plate?
The northern subduction system is the NHDB-Puerto Rico Trench (PRT) system, which accommodates south-dipping subduction of the North American plate under the Caribbean plate (Fig. 1 B). In the east, the highly oblique subducting slab is attached to the North American plate (van Benthem et al., 2013).
How old is the plate in the Caribbean?
The approximately 80 million year old Caribbean Plate is roughly rectangular, and it slides eastward at about two centimeters/year relative to the North American Plate.