What is the disease process of heart failure?
Heart failure occurs when the heart muscle doesn’t pump blood as well as it should. Blood often backs up and causes fluid to build up in the lungs (congest) and in the legs. The fluid buildup can cause shortness of breath and swelling of the legs and feet.
What are some causes of heart failure?
What causes heart failure?
- cardiomyopathy, a disorder of the heart muscle that causes the heart to become weak.
- congenital heart disease.
- heart attack.
- heart valve disease.
- certain types of arrhythmias, or irregular heart rhythms.
- high blood pressure.
- emphysema, a disease of the lung.
What are the 5 major causes of heart disease?
The main risk factors for CVD are outlined below.
- High blood pressure. High blood pressure (hypertension) is one of the most important risk factors for CVD.
- High cholesterol.
- Being overweight or obese.
- Family history of CVD.
- Ethnic background.
What is the root cause of heart failure?
High blood pressure (hypertension or HBP) Uncontrolled HBP is a major risk factor for developing heart failure. When pressure in the blood vessels is too high, the heart must pump harder than normal to keep the blood circulating. This takes a toll on the heart, and over time the chambers get larger and weaker.
What is the most common cause of heart failure?
The most common conditions that can lead to heart failure are coronary artery disease, high blood pressure and previous heart attack.
How does heart failure affect the body?
When you have heart failure, your heart may not be strong enough to pump out as much blood as your body needs. As it tries to move more blood, your heart gets larger. It also pumps faster, and your blood vessels narrow to get more blood out to your body. As your heart works harder, it may become weaker.
What are the major causes of heart disease?
High blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, and smoking are key risk factors for heart disease….Several other medical conditions and lifestyle choices can also put people at a higher risk for heart disease, including:
- Overweight and obesity.
- Unhealthy diet.
- Physical inactivity.
- Excessive alcohol use.
What are 5 causes of disease?
- Bacteria. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis.
- Viruses. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS.
What are the main causes of congestive heart failure?
The most common causes of congestive heart failure are: Coronary artery disease. High blood pressure (hypertension) Longstanding alcohol abuse….Less common causes of congestive heart failure include:
- Viral infections of the stiffening of the heart muscle.
- Thyroid disorders.
- Heart rhythm abnormalities.
What are the symptoms of the final stages of congestive heart failure?
The symptoms of end-stage congestive heart failure include dyspnea, chronic cough or wheezing, edema, nausea or lack of appetite, a high heart rate, and confusion or impaired thinking. Learn about the hospice eligibility requirements for end-stage heart failure.
Can you cure heart failure?
Heart failure is a serious disease that cannot be cured. Survival and quality of life with heart failure can be improved with medical treatment, lifestyle modification, and, sometimes, with specialized surgical procedures.
What is the best treatment for heart failure?
Medical therapy is generally the first treatment approach for heart failure patients. Medications such as diuretics, beta blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) may be used to treat heart failure.
What are the five early signs of congestive heart failure?
15 Signs and Symptoms of Congestive Heart Failure 1. Shortness of Breath 2. Fatigue 3. Edema (Swelling, in the Feet, Ankles, and Legs) 4. Arrhythmia (Irregular Heartbeat) 5. Persistent Cough 6. Wheezing 7. Changes in Urination 8. Swelling of the Abdomen 9. Loss of Appetite and Weight Loss 10. Weight Gain 11. Chest pain
What are the signs and symptoms of end-stage heart failure?