What is Article 11 of the RPC?
— Offenses which are or in the future may be punishable under special laws are not subject to the provisions of this Code. This Code shall be supplementary to such laws, unless the latter should specially provide the contrary. ARTICLE 11. Justifying Circumstances.
What are the four elements of criminal liability?
Absent the doctrine of common purpose, the South African common law of criminal liability recognizes four separate and distinct elements or requirements, namely; (i) an act (actus reus); (ii) which is unlawful (unlawfulness); (iii) causing the crime (causation); and (iv) committed with the necessary intent or culpa …
What is RA 8484 in the Philippines?
Republic Act No. 8484 (“RA 8484”) otherwise known as “AN ACT REGULATING THE ISSUANCE AND USE OF ACCESS DEVICES, PROHIBITING FRAUDULENT ACTS COMMITTED RELATIVE THERETO, PROVIDING PENALTIES AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES” punishes a person who uses an access device, particularly a credit card, without the authority of its owner.
What is RA 8353 all about?
“AN ACT EXPANDING THE DEFINITION OF THE CRIME OF RAPE, RECLASSIFYING THE SAME AS A CRIME AGAINST PERSONS, AMENDING FOR THE PURPOSE ACT NO. 3815, AS AMENDED, OTHERWISE KNOWN AS THE REVISED PENAL CODE, AND FOR THE PURPOSES” Section 1. Short Title.
What is the meaning of prision Correccional?
— The penalty of prision correccional shall carry with it that of suspension from public office, from the right to follow a profession or calling, and that of perpetual special disqualification from the right of suffrage, if the duration of said imprisonment shall exceed eighteen months.
Who incurs criminal liability?
A person incurs criminal liability either by committing a felony regardless of the original intent of the actor or by committing an impossible crime.  The law punishes both intentional and unintentional felonies.
What is Article 247 Revised Penal Code?
“Art. 247. Death or physical injuries inflicted under exceptional circumstances. If he shall inflict upon them physical injuries of any other kind, he shall be exempt from punishment..
What two elements must exist before a person can be held liable for a crime?
It is generally agreed that the essential ingredients of any crime are (1) a voluntary act or omission (actus reus), accompanied by (2) a certain state of mind (mens rea). An act may be any kind of voluntary human behaviour.
What is the Criminal Code of the Philippines?
THE CRIMINAL CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES . Title I General Principles . Chapter 1 Applicability . Section 1. No crime without law. There is no crime unless the act is defined and penalized by this Code or other laws at the time of commission. Criminal laws are prospective in application unless favorable to the accused.
Can a Philippine citizen be held liable for a crime outside the Philippines?
Crimes committed outside the Philippines against any Philippine citizen, or entity Civil liability. An accused convicted of a crime shall be held civilly liable for damages that have been proved. An accused acquitted of a crime by reasonable doubt may be
What are light felonies in the Philippine penal code?
Light felonies are those infractions of law for the commission of which a penalty of arrest menor or a fine not exceeding 200 pesos or both; is provided. Art. 10. Offenses not subject to the provisions of this Code.
What are the exempting circumstances of criminal liability?
B. Exempting Circumstances- These are defenses where the accused committed a crime but is not criminally liable. There is a crime, and there is civil liability but no criminal. 1. The basis is the lack of any of the elements which makes the act/omission voluntary, i.e. freedom, intelligence, intent or due care. 2.