Common questions

What happen in Indonesia in 1998?

What happen in Indonesia in 1998?

The May 1998 riots of Indonesia (Indonesian: Kerusuhan Mei 1998), also known as the 1998 tragedy (Tragedi 1998) or simply the 1998 event (Peristiwa 1998), were incidents of mass violence, demonstrations, and civil unrest of a racial nature that occurred throughout Indonesia, mainly in Medan in the province of North …

What happened to Chinese in Indonesia?

From 30 May to 4 June 1946, attacks from Indonesian independence fighters killed 653 Chinese Indonesians. Roughly a thousand Chinese Indonesian-owned homes were burned; Mely G. Tan notes this as the worst of the violence targeted at Chinese Indonesians during the war.

How did Suharto fall?

Suharto resigned as president of Indonesia on 21 May 1998 following the collapse of support for his three-decade-long presidency. The resignation followed severe economic and political crises over the previous six to twelve months. Vice president B. J. Habibie took over the presidency.

What is Suharto known for?

Under his “New Order” administration, Suharto constructed a strong, centralised and military-dominated government. An ability to maintain stability over a sprawling and diverse Indonesia and an avowedly anti-communist stance won him the economic and diplomatic support of the West during the Cold War.

What happened on May 21st 1998?

20 years ago, a riot took many innocent lives, mostly in Jakarta, and gave birth to a new era in Indonesia: the reformasi era. On May 21, 1998, Soeharto quit after 32 years ruling the country. Dozens of Chinese-Indonesian women were raped and hundreds of houses and shops owned by Chinese-Indonesians were raided.

Why did Chinese move to Indonesia?

Another reason for Chinese citizens migrating to Indonesia was the exploratory nature of the Chinese people. At the same time, the Chinese felt that they were losing their national identity, caught between the Dutch and the native Indonesians. Many Chinese protested for the same rights as the Dutch in parliament.

Why did Chinese people come to Indonesia?

Although they initially populated the mining centers of western Borneo and Bangka Island, Hakkas became attracted to the rapid growth of Batavia and West Java in the late 19th century. The Cantonese people, like the Hakka, were well known throughout Southeast Asia as mineworkers.

How democratic is Indonesia?

The politics of Indonesia take place in the framework of a presidential representative democratic republic whereby the President of Indonesia is both head of state and head of government and of a multi-party system. The Economist Intelligence Unit rated Indonesia a “flawed democracy” in 2019.

What was the result of the 1998 riots in Indonesia?

For ethnic Chinese, long viewed as scapegoats for Indonesia’s economic woes, life after the 1998 riots has been bittersweet. On one hand, more Chinese Indonesians have run for public office and a number of discriminatory laws have been repealed.

Where was the worst fire in Indonesia in 1998?

Glodok was one of the worst hit areas of the city in the destruction that took place on 13 and 14 May. Its malls and markets were ransacked and severely damaged and the large Glodok Plaza mall set alight. In a pattern repeated elsewhere in Jakarta and other cities, urban poor looters from nearby slums perished in the fire.

What was the economic crisis in Indonesia in 1998?

Five months after the election, however, it was caught in the Asian Financial Crisis which began when the Thai baht collapsed in July. The rupiah dropped from Rp2,450 to Rp4,000 to the US dollar between July and October, and economic growth slowed to 1.4% in the fourth quarter.

How is the crisis in Indonesia affecting Australia?

The crisis in Indonesia has significant implications for Australia because Indonesia is now a major strategic and economic partner for Australia. Indonesia has an important role in the Asia-Pacific region where Australia’s crucial interests lie.

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