What does Puntland mean?
pŭntlənd. A region of northeast Somalia adjoining the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean. Largely autonomous since Somalia’s national government collapsed in the 1990s, Puntland became notorious in the first decade of the 21st century as a haven for pirates preying on international shipping.
What tribes are from Puntland?
‘The Darod are usually divided into three major groups: Ogaden, Marehan and Harti. The Harti are a federation of three clans: the Majerteen are the main clan in Puntland; the Dulbahante and Warsangeli live in the disputed border areas between Puntland and Somaliland.
Is Puntland an independent country?
In 1991 the self-proclaimed Republic of Somaliland, in the northwest part of Somalia, asserted its independence from the rest of the country. In 1998 a region in the northeast, the Puntland, declared itself “autonomous.”
What is the capital of Puntland?
Puntland (Somali: Buntlaand, Arabic: أرض البنط), officially Puntland State of Somalia (Somali: Maamul dowlada puntlaand), is a Federal Member State in northeastern Somalia, The Capital Of Puntland Is Garowe City.
Who colonized Puntland?
Somalia was known to the Egyptians as the Land of Punt. Punt was famous for frankincense and myrrh. The Chinese traded with Somalia in the tenth century. Over a thousand years ago, Arabs from Yemen colonized the coast of the Gulf of Aden.
Is Puntland an autonomous region?
Puntland, an arid region of north-east Somalia, declared itself an autonomous state in August 1998, in part to avoid the clan warfare engulfing southern Somalia.
What is the strongest tribe in Somalia?
The two most powerful clans in southern Somalia are the Habr Gidir/Hawiye and the Darod (each with its own sub-clans).
Is Somaliland a disputed territory?
The Puntland–Somaliland dispute is a territorial dispute over the provinces of Sool, Sanaag and the Buuhoodle district of Togdheer region between the self-declared Republic of Somaliland and the Puntland state of Somalia.