Where are the mangroves in Pakistan?
The mangroves in Pakistan are distributed among the coastlines of Sindh and Balochistan. In Sindh, you can find these forests along the delta of the Indus River. It is the largest mangrove forest in Pakistan and considered one of the top 10 mangrove forests in the world.
How many mangroves are there in Pakistan?
In term of area Pakistan has 0.6 million hectares of mangrove ecosystem, probably the tenth largest in the world. They are distributed along the coast of Sindh and Baluchistan. The largest concentration, approximately 95%, is found in Sindh Province.
Why are mangroves important for Pakistan?
The economic importance of mangroves of Indus delta could be ascertained from the fact that they provide important breeding zone for commercially important marine fish, shrimps, lobsters and crabs which help national economy to earn foreign exchange of US$ 100 million annually from exports besides; providing employment …
What is mangrove forest PPT?
Introduction • Mangroves are The unique intertidal forests at the edge of land and sea. • Mangroves contain approximately 70 vegetation species in 40 genera. • Mangroves form highly productive ecosystems, providing habitat for marine and terrestrial species.
What is the current status of Pakistan’s mangrove environment?
At times, over 600,000 hectares of Pakistan’s coastline was under mangrove forestation. But today, as per estimates, mangroves are 129,000 hectors in the Indus delta, and over 3,000 hectors in Miani Hor, Kalmat Khor and Gwadar bay areas; probably the tenth largest in the world.
What are the characteristics of mangroves?
Mangrove forests are characterized by a humid climate, saline environment, and waterlogged soil. A variety of offshore and coastal organisms depends exclusively on mangrove forests for their habitat. It also functions as a site for fertilization for a variety of aquatic fauna resulting in rich biodiversity.
What are the uses of mangroves?
Mangroves are extremely important to the coastal ecosystems they inhabit. Physically, they serve as a buffer between marine and terrestrial communities and protect shorelines from damaging winds, waves, and floods.
In which areas of Pakistan are Thorn and mangrove forest found?
Mangroves forests of Pakistan in Indus delta and along Arabian Sea coastal areas of Sindh and Balochistan. The mangrove swamps of the Sindh coastal zone are extensive, covering 243,000 hectares (ha) compared with 7,400 ha along the Balochistan coast.
What are the importance of mangroves?
Mangrove forests nurture our estuaries and fuel our nature-based economies. Mangroves are important to the ecosystem too. Their dense roots help bind and build soils. Their above-ground roots slow down water flows and encourage sediment deposits that reduce coastal erosion.
What is special about mangroves?
In addition to being a marginal ecosystem, a mangrove is unique in that, as an ecosystem it has various interactions with other ecosystems, both adjoining and remote in space and time. Another unique feature of mangroves is that, unlike most marginal ecosystems, they are highly productive and dynamic.
What is mangrove and its importance?
Mangroves are an intermediate vegetation between land and sea that grow in oxygen deficient waterlogged soils which have Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S). Mangroves act as shock absorbers. They reduce high tides and waves and help prevent soil erosion. They also provide livelihood opportunities to coastal communities.