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What was Maurice Wilkins contribution to the study of DNA structure?

What was Maurice Wilkins contribution to the study of DNA structure?

Wilkins is most well-known for beginning the X-ray diffraction images of DNA that contributed to Watson and Crick’s discovery of the double-helix structure of DNA.

Who was Maurice Wilkins and what were his contributions to science?

He is best known for his work at King’s College London on the structure of DNA. Wilkins’ work on DNA falls into two distinct phases….Maurice Wilkins.

Maurice Wilkins CBE FRS
Alma mater University of Cambridge (MA) University of Birmingham (PhD)
Known for X-ray diffraction, DNA

What did Maurice Wilkins discover when?

structure of DNA
Maurice Wilkins shared the Nobel Prize with Francis Crick and James Watson in 1962 for their joint discovery of the structure of DNA.

What was Maurice Wilkins major discovery?

Maurice Wilkins was a famous scientist who shared a Nobel Prize with James Watson and Francis Crick in 1962 for their discovery of the double helix structure of DNA—a discovery which revolutionized the field of biology.

What did Wilkins and Franklin use to study the structure of DNA?

At King’s College in London, Rosalind Franklin and Maurice Wilkins were studying DNA. Wilkins and Franklin used X-ray diffraction as their main tool — beaming X-rays through the molecule yielded a shadow picture of the molecule’s structure, by how the X-rays bounced off its component parts.

Who contributed to the structure of DNA?

The 3-dimensional double helix structure of DNA, correctly elucidated by James Watson and Francis Crick.

Did Maurice Wilkins get a Nobel Prize?

The “third man.” Although Maurice Wilkins shared the 1962 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine with James Watson and Francis Crick, his name is not as commonly known as one of the discoverers of the structure of DNA.

What did Rosalind Franklin and Maurice Wilkins do?

Franklin is best known for her work on the X-ray diffraction images of DNA while at King’s College London, particularly Photo 51, taken by her student Raymond Gosling, which led to the discovery of the DNA double helix for which Francis Crick, James Watson, and Maurice Wilkins shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or …

What contribution did Rosalind Franklin to the understanding of DNA?

Her work to make clearer X-ray patterns of DNA molecules laid the foundation for James Watson and Francis Crick to suggest in 1953 that the structure of DNA is a double-helix polymer, a spiral consisting of two DNA strands wound around each other.

What did Maurice Wilkins do with DNA?

Maurice Wilkins initiated the experimental research into DNA that culminated in Watson and Crick ’s discovery of its structure in 1953. Wilkins crystallized DNA in a form suitable for quantitative X-ray diffraction work and obtained the best quality X-ray images seen at that time.

When did Maurice Wilkins discover DNA?

In 1962, Watson shared the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine with Francis Crick and Maurice Wilkins who, with Rosalind Franklin , provided the data on which the structure was based. Watson wrote The Double Helix: A Personal Account of the Discovery of the Structure of DNA, which was published in 1968.

How did Watson and Crick discover DNA?

In 1953, James Watson and Francis Crick discovered the structure of DNA. They worked out the structure by assembling data from past experiments and using it to build a molecular model. Their DNA model was made from wire and metal plates, much like the plastic kits students use in organic chemistry classes today.

What was Rosalind Franklin’s experiment?

Rosalind Franklin used this technique in discovering structural information of DNA. The experiment places a fiber in the trajectory of an X-ray beam at right angle. The diffraction pattern is obtained in the films of a detector placed few centimeters away from the fiber.

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