What is the wing on top of the plane called?
Shoulder wing: mounted on the upper part or “shoulder” of the fuselage, slightly below the top of the fuselage. A shoulder wing is sometimes considered a subtype of high wing. High wing: mounted on the upper fuselage.
What are the 6 components of an aircraft wing?
An aircraft’s wings are critical to flight through the production of lift, but they have many parts of the wing to control this lift amount and direction….Wings
What are VGs in aviation?
A vortex generator (VG) is an aerodynamic device, consisting of a small vane usually attached to a lifting surface (or airfoil, such as an aircraft wing) or a rotor blade of a wind turbine. VGs may also be attached to some part of an aerodynamic vehicle such as an aircraft fuselage or a car.
What is a cantilever wing?
A wing that uses no external struts or bracing. All support is obtained from the wing itself. The wing spars are built in such a way that they carry all the torsion and bending loads. An Illustrated Dictionary of Aviation Copyright © 2005 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
How are plane wings manufactured?
The wings start from just assembling the metallic frame of spars and ribs, followed by adding the flight systems and aerodynamic components, fuel tanks, engine holders, and finally, the wingtips. All of this happens on an assembly line, where parts are added and tested being shipped to aircraft assembly plants.
How does an airplane wing produce lift?
Airplane wings are shaped to make air move faster over the top of the wing. When air moves faster, the pressure of the air decreases. So the pressure on the top of the wing is less than the pressure on the bottom of the wing. The difference in pressure creates a force on the wing that lifts the wing up into the air.
What are the 2 essential parts of the wing?
The wings are divided into two smaller components–the leading edge and the trailing edge. Slats built into the leading edges can increase or decrease the overall surface area of the wings, generating or reducing lift as necessary for takeoff or landing.
What is Coffin Corner in aviation?
Answer: Coffin corner is a term used to describe a condition at high altitude when the maximum speed (limited by the spreading of supersonic shock waves) and the minimum (limited by amount of air passing over the wing) are nearly the same.
What is vortex generator in aircraft?
Vortex generators are used on wing surfaces to energize boundary layers thereby avoiding separation and extending the range of attached flow. From: Commercial Airplane Design Principles, 2014.