What is mentioned in the article 1 of the Chinese Constitution?
Article 1 of the Constitution describes China as “a socialist state under the people’s democratic dictatorship” meaning that the system is based on an alliance of the working classes—in communist terminology, the workers and peasants—and is led by the Communist Party, the vanguard of the working class.
How Chinese Constitution defines the use of resources?
The state ensures the rational use of natural resources and protects rare animals and plants. Appropriation or damaging natural resources by any organization or individual by whatever means is prohibited. Article 10. Ownership of land Land in cities is owned by the state.
How is China’s Constitution amended?
Article 64 Amendments to the Constitution must be proposed by the National People’s Congress Standing Committee or by one-fifth or more of National People’s Congress deputies and be adopted by a vote of at least two-thirds of National People’s Congress deputies.
What are the rights of a Chinese citizen?
In addition to the right to vote and to be elected mentioned above, citizens also enjoy freedoms of speech, the press, assembly, association, procession and demonstration. There is no news censorship in China.
How many articles are there in Chinese Constitution of 1954?
Summary of the constitution of 1954 The first chapter in the Constitution of 1954 includes 20 articles and it deals with the general issue of defining social and economic structure.
Who has the right to interpret the Constitution in China?
Formal power to interpret the Constitution lies with the NPC Standing Committee (NPCSC) but it has never formally exercised that power. While it did force the State Council to abolish two unconstitutional regulations through the legislative review process, the NPCSC has hardly been vigorous.
Which of the following is recognized by the Chinese Constitution or laws?
The Constitution guarantees the basic rights and interests of citizens, including the right to vote and stand for election; freedom of speech, of the press, of assembly, of association, of procession and of demonstration; freedom of religious belief; the inviolability of the freedom of the person, the personal dignity …
Which country has not its written Constitution?
The Advantages of an ‘Unwritten’ Constitution: The UK along with New Zealand and Israel are the only three countries in the world to have an uncodified or ‘unwritten’ constitution.
How many times has the Constitution been amended China?
Constitution, NPC OBSERVER (Mar. 11, 2018).) The current PRC Constitution was enacted in 1982. Prior to the 2018 amendment, the 1982 Constitution was amended four times—in 1988, 1993, 1999, and 2004.
Which chapter of Chinese constitution fundamental rights and duties are mentioned?
From Article-33 to 51 the fundamental rights are enumerated and from article 52 to 56 the fundamental duties or the citizens of the People Republic of China. The citizens of China, according to the constitution of China, enjoy the following fundamental rights. Freedom of procession and demonstration.
Does China have the rule of law?
“Strengthening the law” meant reform of legislation and enforcement of laws. Some scholars believe that given China’s socialist and non-democratic political system and practice, it is at best regarded as a country of rule by law with law used by the state as an instrument for social control.
What is China called today?
The official name of the modern state is the “People’s Republic of China” (simplified Chinese: 中华人民共和国; traditional Chinese: 中華人民共和國; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó).