What does Spitzer stand for?
The name “spitzer” is an anglicized form of the German word Spitzgeschoss, literally meaning “pointed projectile”. The development of spitzer bullets made military doctrines possible which expected (not very accurate) rifle volleys at area targets at ranges up to 1,420 to 2,380 m (1,550 to 2,600 yd).
Is Spitzer still operational?
The Spitzer Space Telescope, formerly the Space Infrared Telescope Facility (SIRTF), is a retired infrared space telescope launched in 2003 and retired on 30 January 2020.
Why is Spitzer being decommissioned?
NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope will be decommissioned on the 30th of January after 16 years of studying exoplanets, our own solar system and far-off galaxies. This is because the telescope has a very particular orbit, trailing about 158 million miles behind the Earth to keep it away from interfering heat.
How far is Spitzer from Earth?
Spitzer Space Telescope/Orbit height
Does the Spitzer use mirrors?
Thus Spitzer — with a mirror only 33 inches (85 cm) in diameter (about the size of a hula-hoop) — is much more sensitive than even the largest ground-based telescopes (which are up to 33 feet or 10 meters in diameter) at the infrared wavelengths where Spitzer operates.
How does the Spitzer work?
A basic external view of Spitzer in its Earth-trailing solar orbit. The telescope cools by radiating to space and by the change in enthalpy of evaporating liquid helium while hiding from the Sun behind its solar panel and flying away from the thermal emission of the Earth. Courtesy of NASA/JPL-Caltech.
Where is Spitzer telescope now?
Science operations are conducted at the Spitzer Science Center at IPAC at Caltech. Spacecraft operations are based at Lockheed Martin Space in Littleton, Colorado. Data are archived at the Infrared Science Archive housed at IPAC at Caltech.
What is NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope?
The Spitzer Space Telescope, launched in 2003, was NASA’s Infrared Great Observatory. In 2009, Spitzer ran out of liquid coolant and began its “warm mission,” refocusing its studies on determining how quickly our universe is stretching apart, and characterizing asteroids and the atmospheres of gas-giant planets.
What type of telescope is the Compton?
A Compton telescope (also known as Compton camera or Compton imager) is a gamma-ray detector which utilizes Compton scattering to determine the origin of the observed gamma rays.
How far can the Spitzer telescope see?
Originally, Spitzer’s camera designers had hoped the spacecraft would detect galaxies about 12 billion light-years away. In fact, Spitzer has surpassed that, and can see even farther back in time – almost to the beginning of the universe.
How big is the Spitzer telescope?
How big is the Spitzer?
Who is Robert Spitzer and what does he do?
Robert Spitzer (priest) Robert J. Spitzer SJ (born May 16, 1952) is a Jesuit priest, philosopher, educator, author, speaker, and retired President of Gonzaga University in Spokane, Washington . Spitzer is founder and currently active as president of the Magis Center of Reason and Faith, a non-profit organization dedicated to developing…
Who are some famous people with the last name Spitzer?
Spitzer is a surname. Notable people with the surname include: Andre Spitzer (1945–1972), Israel’s 1972 Summer Olympics fencing coach and victim of the Munich massacre Bernard Spitzer, American real estate developer and philanthropist, father of Eliot Spitzer
What was the purpose of the spitzer bullet?
Spitzer (bullet) The spitzer bullet, also commonly referred to as a spire point bullet, is primarily a small arms ballistics development of the late 19th and early 20th century, driven by military desire for aerodynamic bullet designs that will give a higher degree of accuracy and kinetic efficiency, especially at extended ranges.
When was the Spitzer Space Telescope launched and retired?
The Spitzer Space Telescope, formerly the Space Infrared Telescope Facility ( SIRTF ), is a retired infrared space telescope launched in 2003 and retired on 30 January 2020. Spitzer was the third spacecraft dedicated to infrared astronomy, following IRAS (1983) and ISO (1995–98).