What does retrograde mean in music?
Retrograde inversion is a musical term that literally means “backwards and upside down”: “The inverse of the series is sounded in reverse order.” Retrograde reverses the order of the motif’s pitches: what was the first pitch becomes the last, and vice versa.
What is retrograde form?
A retrograde form of the row takes a prime form and exactly reverses the pitch classes. Its interval content, then, are the reverse of the prime forms. Retrograde forms are labeled R followed by a subscript denoting the last pitch class in the row.
What is the difference between retrograde and inversion?
The retrograde is the prime form backward. The inversion is the original row with all intervals in the row inverted (going in the opposite direction of the original).
What is a retrograde of a tone row?
How do you write a retrograde?
Write the retrograde by reversing the order of the pitch class numbers. Write the retrograde-inversion by reversing the order of pitch class numbers in the inversion. The reference pitch of the original and inversion forms is always the first note.
What music is retrograde?
A melodic line that is the reverse of a previously or simultaneously stated line is said to be its retrograde or cancrizans (“walking backward”, medieval Latin, from cancer, crab). An exact retrograde includes both the pitches and rhythms in reverse.
What is fragmented music?
In music composition, fragmentation is the use of fragments or the “division of a musical idea (gesture, motive, theme, etc.) into segments”. It is used in tonal and atonal music, and is a common method of localized development and closure.
What is a tone row in music?
noun Music. a series of tones in which no tone is duplicated, and in which the tones generally recur in fixed sequence, with variations in rhythm and pitch, throughout a composition. Also called note row, twelve-tone row.
What is fragmented rhythm?
What is rhythmic transformation?
rhythmic transformation. (compositional device) a theme’s rhythm is changed in order to vary it from previous statements. motivic transformation. (compositional device) a theme or motive is transformed by one of the transformational devices.