What does Propionibacterium freudenreichii shermanii produce?
Propionibacterium sp. (and other bacteria such as C. propionicum, M. elsdenii, and Prevotella ruminicola) also ferments lactic acid with the production of propionic acid, acetic acid, and CO 2 ( Figure 31 ).
How is Propionibacterium used in the cheese industry?
Members of the genus Propionibacterium are widely used in the production of vitamin B 12, tetrapyrrole compounds, and propionic acid, as well as in the probiotics and cheese industries. The strain Propionibacterium freudenreichii subsp. shermanii is used in cheesemaking to create CO 2 bubbles that become ” eyes “—round holes in the cheese.
What are the members of the genus Propionibacterium used for?
Members of the genus Propionibacterium are widely used in the production of vitamin B12, tetrapyrrole compounds, and propionic acid, as well as in the probiotics and cheese industries.
What kind of bacteria synthesizes propionic acid in humans?
Propionibacterium. Propionibacterium is a gram-positive, anaerobic, rod-shaped genus of bacteria named for their unique metabolism: They are able to synthesize propionic acid by using unusual transcarboxylase enzymes. Its members are primarily facultative parasites and commensals of humans and other animals,…