What do Aphrodite and Artemis represent in Hippolytus?

What do Aphrodite and Artemis represent in Hippolytus?

The play presents two goddesses who represent two aspects of the human spirit in conflict: One aspect is love, represented by Aphrodite and personified by Phaedra. The second aspect is what the play refers to as sophrosyne, which is represented by Artemis and personified by Hippolytus.

Was Hippolytus a hunter of Artemis?

Hippolytus is a hunter and sportsman who is disgusted by sex and marriage. In consequence, he scrupulously worships Artemis, the virgin huntress, and refuses to honor Aphrodite.

What deity is seen as a foil to Artemis in Euripides Hippolytus?


Term Who bore Nereus fifty daughters? Definition Doris.
Term What deity is seen as a foil to Artemis in Euripides’ Hippolytus? Definition Aphrodite.
Term What city in Asia Minor was home to one of the most famous cult centers of Artemis? Definition Ephesus.

What is Artemis symbol?

Artemis was one of the most widely venerated of the Ancient Greek deities, and her temple at Ephesus was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Artemis’ symbols included a bow and arrow, a quiver, and hunting knives, and the deer and the cypress were sacred to her.

Which goddess does Hippolytus despise?

Unfortunately for the play’s central character, Hippolytus, the goddess of love Aphrodite needed the young man to revere her, but he chose otherwise. As Moses Hadas points out in his Greek Drama, Hippolytus illegitimacy was a terrible stigma at the time, and he blamed and hated Aphrodite for his troubles.

What does Aphrodite do to Hippolytus?

In revenge, Aphrodite causes Phaedra, Hippolytus’ stepmother, to all in love with him, a circumstance which leads both to her suicide and to Hippolytus’ violent death when cursed by his father.

Which two goddesses are in conflict over Hippolytus?

Rather, Aphrodite receives blame for the deaths of Hippolytus and Phaedra, and the conclusion of the play establishes ongoing strife between the goddess of love and the goddess of chastity.

Who was Hippolytus?

Hippolytus was a leader of the Roman church during the pontificate (c. 199–217) of St. Zephyrinus, whom he attacked as being a modalist (one who conceives that the entire Trinity dwells in Christ and who maintains that the names Father and Son are only different designations for the same subject).

Why is Artemis called Potnia Theron?

The term is first used once by Homer as a descriptor of Artemis and often used to describe female divinities associated with animals. The word Potnia, meaning mistress or lady, was a Mycenaean Greek word inherited by Classical Greek, with the same meaning, cognate to Sanskrit patnī.

Why is Apollo called the Pythian?

Why is Apollo called the Pythian? a. His priestess is known as the Pythia. His favorite shrine was the site of the Pythian games.

When did Euripides write the play Hippolytus?

Hippolytus ( Ancient Greek: Ἱππόλυτος, Hippolytos) is an Ancient Greek tragedy by Euripides, based on the myth of Hippolytus, son of Theseus. The play was first produced for the City Dionysia of Athens in 428 BC and won first prize as part of a trilogy.

How is Hippolytus related to Artemis and Aphrodite?

Artemis is pitted against Aphrodite through a young mortal called Hippolytus. Out of devotion to Artemis, of whom he is a follower, Hippolytus has refused entirely to worship Aphrodite or recognize her divinity—in other words, he has refused to have anything to do with women.

What did Hippolytus wear as a crown in the play?

Hippolytus (play) Euripides revisits the myth in Hippolytos Stephanophoros ( Ἱππόλυτος στεφανοφόρος – “Hippolytus who wears a crown”), its title refers to the crown of garlands Hippolytus wears as a worshipper of Artemis. In this version Phaedra fights against her own sexual desires, which have been incited by Aphrodite.

Who is the goddess that tells Hippolytus the truth?

Theseus is glad that Hippolytus is suffering and about to die. But then the goddess, Artemis, appears and rages at Theseus for killing his own son; she brutally tells him the truth: there was no rape, Phaedra had lied, his son was innocent.

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