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What are some common clinical chemistry tests?

What are some common clinical chemistry tests?

Specimens tested in clinical analysis

  • Serum. Serum is the most common specimen tested – it is obtained by centrifugation of coagulated blood.
  • Plasma. Plasma is obtained by centrifugation of uncoagualted blood.
  • Urine.
  • Cerebrospinal spinal fluid (CSF)
  • Carbohydrates.
  • Lipids.
  • Enzymes.
  • Hormones.

What test in the clinical laboratory employ the use of serial dilutions in the preparation of test solutions?

Quantitative agglutination test
Quantitative agglutination test: Agglutination tests can also be used to measure the level of antibodies to particulate antigens. In this test, serial dilutions are made of a sample to be tested for antibody and then a fixed number of red blood cells or bacteria or other such particulate antigen is added.

What is dilution in a chemistry lab?

Dilution refers to the process of adding additional solvent to a solution to decrease its concentration. This process keeps the amount of solute constant, but increases the total amount of solution, thereby decreasing its final concentration.

What is a Chem 8 lab test?

It gives a snapshot of the health of your kidneys, your blood sugar levels, and the levels of key electrolytes, such as potassium and sodium. A basic metabolic panel test measures the levels of 8 important things in your blood: Calcium. Calcium plays a role in keeping your cells working the way they should.

What are routine chemistry tests?

What are chemistry panels? Chemistry panels are groups of tests that are routinely ordered to determine a person’s general health status. They help evaluate, for example, the body’s electrolyte balance and/or the status of several major body organs. The tests are performed on a blood sample, usually drawn from a vein.

What are the clinical uses of serial dilution in immunology?

Serial dilution is performed in a number of experimental sciences like biochemistry, pharmacology, physics, and homeopathy. Serial dilution is used in microbiology to estimate the concentration or number of cells/organisms in a sample to obtain an incubated plate with an easily countable number of colonies.

How is serum serial dilution performed?

In serial dilutions, you multiply the dilution factors for each step. The dilution factor or the dilution is the initial volume divided by the final volume. For example, if you add a 1 mL sample to 9 mL of diluent to get 10 mL of solution, DF=ViVf = 1mL10mL=110 .

How are reagents prepared in chemistry labs?

Mix the two solutions and add water to make 100 ml. Dissolve 2 g in 10 ml water. To 10 ml of this solution add 90 ml of water and 20 g of sodium bisulfite. Warm one globule of Mercury with concentrated nitric acid and dilute the solution with twice its volume of water.

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