At what level should hypertension be treated?
When treatment is recommended if your blood pressure is consistently above 140/90mmHg (or 135/85mmHg at home), but your risk of other problems is low – you’ll be advised to make some changes to your lifestyle.
What is the AMA guidelines for blood pressure?
AHA guidelines currently call for adults to keep their blood pressure below 140/90 mm Hg, and lower in certain patients. Data from the landmark Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT) supports recommendations for keeping blood pressure low.
What is the criteria for diagnosing hypertension?
Hypertension is diagnosed when blood pressure is consistently ≥130 and/or ≥80 mm Hg. However, the majority of patients with hypertension between 130-139/80-89 mm Hg (stage 1 hypertension) do not qualify for immediate drug therapy. The guideline breaks new ground with some of its recommendations.
What is the first drug of choice for hypertension in Australia?
Antihypertensive drugs in different classes have similar efficacy. In uncomplicated cases the recommendation is to start with an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, angiotensin receptor antagonist, calcium channel blocker or diuretic (in the aged).
What should the systolic blood pressure be in Australia?
hypertension than current Australian and European guidelines. The patient’s individual circumstances must be considered when treatment targets are set. For someone with a high risk of cardiovascular events, a systolic blood pressure target of 120 mmHg may be appropriate.
What should you do if you have hypertension in Australia?
A healthy lifestyle, including not smoking, eating a nutritious diet and regular adequate exercise is recommended for all Australians including those with and without hypertension. Lifestyle advice is recommended for all patients (grade: strong; level: –).
When to start antihypertensive treatment for high blood pressure?
High blood pressure is a key modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular events. A cardiovascular risk-based approach is best for determining when to start antihypertensive treatment. Recent trial evidence has suggested lower blood pressure targets are beneficial. This has influenced international guidelines.
When is it worthwhile to treat high blood pressure?
Treatment for lowering blood pressure is worthwhile in those at high risk of a cardiovascular event (>15% in 5 years). Aiming for a target systolic blood pressure below 120 mmHg can ensure maximal cardiovascular risk reduction if the treatment is tolerated and is appropriate for the individual patient.